Regions » Siberia

Belukha is the highest mountain in Altay and Siberia.

Some people may have an impression that Siberia is an extremely cold territory but the climate of Siberia varies dramatically. The winter temperatures in the north can be extreme, therefore the majority of the population lives in the south of Siberia along the Trans-Siberian Railway. As an example, the temperatures in Novosibirsk, Siberia's largest city, range from 20 to 25 °C (75 °F) in summer, and from -18 to -20 °C (0 °F) in winter, but can reach -50 °C (-40 °F) in winter and 40 °C (100 °F) in summer.

The territory of Siberian Federal District occupies 30% of the Russian Federation and over 20 million people live here. In geographical sense, Siberia does not include the Russian Far East, however historically the Russian Far East is considered to be a part of Siberia. Below is the list of oblasts, krais and republics that comprise the Siberian District of Russia.

  • Altai Republic
  • Altai Krai
  • Buryat Republic
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
  • Irkutsk Oblast
  • Kemerovo Oblast
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
  • Novosibirsk Oblast
  • Omsk Oblast
  • Tomsk Oblast
  • Tuva Republic
  • Republic of Khakassia


Largest Cities in Siberia

The biggest cities in Siberia include:

Rank City in English Russian name Population
1. Novosibirsk Новосиби́рск 1,425,508
2. Omsk Омск 1,134,016
3. Krasnoyarsk Красноярск 909,341
4. Barnaul Барнау́л 600,749
5. Irkutsk Ирку́тск 593,604
6. Novokuznetsk Новокузне́цк 563,020
7. Kemerovo Ке́мерово 484,754
8. Tomsk Томск 487,838
9. Ulan-Ude Ула́н-Удэ́ 359,391
10. Chita Чита́ 316,643
11. Bratsk Братск 259,335

All population figures are as of the 2002 Census.

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