Numbers and nouns with ЧЕРЕЗ, НАЗАД

A week ago / In a week

 Lesson comments

In order to say that something happened “a week ago” or will happen “in a week”, you should know the words ЧЕРЕЗ (in) and НАЗАД (ago). These words are also used when answering questions that start with КОГДА (when).

The preposition "через" (in)

ЧЕРЕЗ + [numeral] + [noun for time period] describes actions that will be taking place in the future, as in the following example:

Он приедет через два дня.
 [ohn pree-YEH-deet CHYE-reez dvah dnyah]
He will arrive in two days.

The adverb "назад" (ago)

For actions that happened in the past, use the construction: [numeral] + [noun for time period] + НАЗАД

Он приехал два дня назад.
 [oh pree-YEH-khal dvah dnya nah-ZAHT]
He arrived two days ago.

Note that word order is important in both constructions, so try to place the preposition ЧЕРЕЗ before the numeral, and place the adverb НАЗАД after the noun. The good news is that you don’t have to worry about conjugation of the word ОДИН because you can omit it and still be speaking perfect Russian. In fact, Russians often omit the words ОДНУ or ОДИН when saying phrases like "in a week" or "a week ago".

через неделю
 [CHYEH-reez nee-DYEH-lyoo]
in a week
неделю назад
 [nee-DYEH-lyoo nah-ZAHT]
a week ago

Declension tables for nouns of time

Remember to use the correct form of the nouns "hour", "day", "week", etc. The following tables will help you with declensions.

1 (один) час день месяц год
2, 3, 4 часа дня месяца года
5 – 20... часов дней месяцев лет

1 (одну) минуту неделю
2 (две), 3, 4 минуты недели
5 – 20... минут недель

Mini Quiz #1

Answer the questions according to the template.


Q: Когда последний раз вы ходили в кино?
(When was the last time you went to the cinema?)
A:Последний раз я ходил в кино две недели назад.
(Last time I went to the cinema two weeks ago.)

1. Когда последний раз вы ходили в парикмахерскую (парикмахерская)?
2. Когда последний раз вы ходили в кино?
3. Когда последний раз вы ходили в театр?
4. Когда последний раз вы ходили на выставку (выставка)?
5. Когда последний раз вы ходили в музей?
6. Когда последний раз вы ходили в ночной клуб?
7. Когда последний раз вы ходили в спортклуб?
8. Когда последний раз вы ходили в ресторан?

Mini Quiz #2

Answer the questions according to the template.


Q: Когда вы пойдёте в парикмахерскую?
(When will you go to the barber's?)
A:Я пойду в парикмахерскую через месяц.
(I will go to the barber's in a month.)

1. Когда вы пойдёте в кино?
2. Когда вы пойдёте в ресторан?
3. Когда вы пойдёте в магазин?

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